Fire Protection Systems
Why Fire Protection Systems?
Whether you are building a new facility or renovating an existing one, it is important that these facilities have reliable and fast acting fire protection systems. Fire protection systems are used to detect, contain, and extinguish any fire that may break out within a building. These fire protection systems have become more complex and intelligent over the years, and these days you will need a mechanical engineer to help design the fire protection system itself. In general, there are four sources of fire that the engineer should have expertise in:
- Natural fires
- Man-made fires
- Other incidental occurrences
A fire protection engineer needs to consider all of these possibilities of fire in relation to factors such as the layout of the building, the location of the building, and the building’s components. The work of a fire protection engineer may end up going above and beyond any code compliance since these codes will vary from region to region. But a fire protection system is intended to not only save your facility in the case of an outbreak of fire, but they should also do as much as possible to maintain business continuity during a small fire, and potentially save the lives of people inside the facility in the case of a large fire.
Fire Protection System Components
The design of a business or home fire protection system will normally have three components:
Fire detection system
There are two types of detection systems used these days: either a smoke detection system or a heat detecting system. These systems are able to detect that a fire has broken out within the facility due to the presence of fire smoke or extreme heat given off by the fire. These detection systems then trigger the alarm system, notifying occupants of the presence of fire.
Fire alarm system
Alarm systems are advanced these days, and you may be surprised to hear that these systems not only notify the occupants within the building of fire by way of speakers or bells, but they also alert police and firefighters directly through a link to those public responders. Indeed, these systems can also automatically take a snapshot of the floor plan where the fire broke out so that police and firefighters will be well informed on arrival.
Fire suppression system
The most common fire suppression system is the traditional water-based sprinkler system. Normally, these sprinkler systems are designed in such a way that each sprinkler has a sensor that can read heat, and when a fire is present, the heat will automatically set off that sprinkler. These sprinkler systems are a must, for recent studies have shown that these systems greatly reduce the total damage a fire causes within the facility.